Eureka – Nevada is located in the Southern part of Eureka County in the Diamond Mountains. It is a part of the Lincoln Highway/U.S. Route 50 (nicknamed “The Friendliness Town on the Loneliest Road in America”.
The town was first settled in 1864 by a group of silver prospectors from nearby Austin, who discovered rock containing a silver-lead ore on nearby Prospect Peak. According to tradition, the town was named from an incident when a prospector exclaimed “Eureka!” when he discovered deposits of silver ore. The town became the county seat in 1873, when Eureka County was carved out of adjacent Lander, Elko, and White Pine counties.